Analyst Reports

Countries now use the internet for everything from public opinion polls and global perception surveys to diplomacy. Despite the internet's widespread utility, it is not risk-free; national security concerns rank high among these dangers. A large number of countries have created cyber armies and are investing heavily in their development. It was previously debatable whether cyberwarfare belonged in the same category as land, sea, and air combat; however, NATO's official recognition of the concept in 2016 put that to rest. Albania, however, is the first country to cut diplomatic relations as a direct result of cyberattacks. This report examines the findings related to the cyberattacks and events that triggered this response, and how other countries responded to the decision.